Monday, May 18, 2015

QSL of the Week - DW Kigali When the Station Was New

Deutsche Welle QSL (Gayle Van Horn Collection)
In recent time, the attention of the international radio world has been focused on the closure of the  Deutsche Well shortwave relay station located north of Kigali in the land-locked African nation of Rwanda.  Our QSL of the week was issued by Deutsche Welle verifying the reception of their Kigali relay station, not at the time when it was closing, but rather at the time when it had just been opened and taken into service, in 1963.
            Norbert Reiner of Karlsruhe in Germany recently sent us a reception report of an AWR program in the French language that was on relay from Deutsche Well Kigali.  His recent report was one of the last AWR broadcasts from Kigali, and it was heard on the frequency 17800 kHz just before the station was closed.

            In his recent reception report addressed to the AWR office in Indianapolis, Norbert Reiner states: In my QSL collection there is a verification for my reception of the inauguration broadcast of the Deutsche Welle Kigali relay station.  The date for that memorable broadcast was way back more than half a century ago.
AWR-Wavescan/NWS 325)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Cranky Sun (NOAA)
Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2015 May 18 0402 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 11 - 17 May 2015

Solar activity was low from 11-15 May. The largest event of the period was a C9/1n at 13/1838 UTC associated with a filament eruption near Region 2345 (N16, L=113, class/area Axx/020 on 13
May). Region 2339 (N13, L=129, class/area Fkc/900 on 08 May) was the most active region on the disk and produced 19 C-class events during the period. There were several filament eruptions observed during the period however, none of them turned out to be geoeffective. Solar activity decreased to very low levels for 16-17 May. 

The greater than 10 MeV proton flux at geosynchronous orbit was enhanced on 12 May reaching a peak flux of 6 pfu at 12/0720 UTC but never crossed alert threshold. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels on 11-13 May before reaching high levels daily for the remainder of the period in response to effects from a negative polarity coronal hole high speed stream (CH HSS). 

Geomagnetic field activity was at unsettled to active levels on 11 May and mostly unsettled levels on 12 May due to extended periods of negative Bz. On 13 May, geomagnetic field conditions increased to active to major storm levels due to the onset of a recurrent negative polarity CH HSS. Quiet to unsettled levels persisted on 14-15 May as effects from the HSS subsided. Quiet conditions
prevailed for the remainder of the period. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 18 May - 13 June 2015

Solar activity is expected to be at very low levels with a chance for C-class flares and a slight chance of M-class flares on 18 May before decreasing further to only a chance for C-class flares once
Region 2339 rotates fully around the west limb on 19 May. The chance for M-class activity increases on 25 May with the return of old Region 2335 (S15, L=192) and remain elevated through the remainder of the forecast period. 

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at moderate to high levels from 18-28 May due to residual effects from last weeks negative polarity CH HSS followed
by effects from an anticipated positive polarity HSS due to become geoeffective on 18 May. Normal to moderate levels are expected to prevail with the exception of 31 May-01 Jun, 04-06 Jun, and 10-12
Jun following various recurrent CH high speed streams. 

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to be quiet to active on 18-19 May due to effects from a positive polarity CH HSS. Mostly quiet conditions are expected from 20 May to 01 Jun. Quiet to
unsettled conditions with a chance for active periods are expected on 02-03 Jun due to effects from a negative polarity HSS followed by quiet conditions through 06 Jun. Unsettled conditions are expected on 07 and 10 Jun as well as active to minor storm conditions on 08-09 Jun due to the anticipated return of the recurrent negative polarity CH HSS that yielded major storm conditions this week. Mostly quiet conditions are expected for the remainder of the period. 

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2015 May 18 0403 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2015-05-18
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2015 May 18     115          15          3
2015 May 19     105          12          4
2015 May 20      95           5          2
2015 May 21      90           5          2
2015 May 22      90           5          2
2015 May 23      90           5          2
2015 May 24      95           5          2
2015 May 25     105           5          2
2015 May 26     105           5          2
2015 May 27     105           5          2
2015 May 28     105           5          2
2015 May 29     105           8          3
2015 May 30     105           8          3
2015 May 31     110           5          2
2015 Jun 01     115           5          2
2015 Jun 02     120          15          4
2015 Jun 03     120          10          3
2015 Jun 04     125           5          2
2015 Jun 05     130           5          2
2015 Jun 06     130           5          2
2015 Jun 07     120          12          3
2015 Jun 08     120          25          5
2015 Jun 09     120          25          5
2015 Jun 10     120          12          3
2015 Jun 11     120           5          2
2015 Jun 12     120           5          2
2015 Jun 13     110           8          3

Monitoring Voice of Nigeria

Voice of Nigeria QSL (Gayle Van Horn Collection)
Voice of Nigeria

All times UTC

Voice of Nigeria in Monday, May 11
1700-1730 on  9690 IKO 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf English, instead of Igbo
1730-1800 on 15120 IKO 250 kW / 007 deg to NoAf English, instead of Arabic + DRM
from 1752 on 15120vAJA 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf English DRM, scheduled from 1800

Voice of Nigeria problem with modulation continues again on May 15. Modulation of transmitter in Ikorodu is like a Radio Cairo or Radio Pakistan:
0700-0800 on 15120 IKO 250 kW / 007 deg to NoAf English, not French, good as usual
1500-1600 on 15120 IKO 250 kW / 007 deg to NoAf English awful modulation
1600-1630 on  9690 IKO 250 kW / 248 deg to ECAf Swahili awful modulation
1630-1700 on  9690 IKO 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf Yoruba awful modulation
1700-1730 on  9690 IKO 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf Igbo awful modulation
1730-1800 on 15120 IKO 250 kW / 007 deg to NoAf Arabic awful modulation
1800-2000 on  7255vIKO 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf English, IKO or AJA, third transmitter ? 
1800-2000 on 15120vAJA 250 kW / 248 deg to WCAf English DRM
(DX Mix Nx 910)

VOA on the Frontlines of Political Crisis in Burundi

(photo by VOA)
WASHINGTON, D.C., May 13, 2015 -- Voice of America is leading international coverage of the political upheaval in Burundi with on-the-scene reporting and new programming in KirundiKinyarwanda, French, Swahili, and English.

VOA East Africa Correspondent Gabe Joselow reported from the streets of Burundi's capital early Wednesday amid reports of a coup against President Pierre Nkurunziza. He filmed thousands of people cheering President Nkurunziza's apparent ouster, but also cautioned that their celebrations may be premature as the depth of military support for coup leader General Godefroid Niyombare was unclear.

VOA's Central Africa Service broadcast General Niyombare's statement claiming power and balanced it with an interview with President Nkurunziza's Interior Minister Edouard Nduwimana, who said the coup had failed and the president was on his way back to Bujumbura. VOA reporters in Burundi provided live updates on the standoff outside the national radio station along with a series of interviews with protestors.

The Central Africa Service broadcast White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest's call for all sides to end the violence and his pronouncement that the Obama administration continues to recognize President Nkurunziza. The Service also spoke to opposition politician Hussein Radjab and George Mason University professor Elavie Ndura while profiling General Niyombare and his objection to President Nkurunziza running for a third term.

VOA's Swahili Service reported from Dar es Salaam, where President Nkurunziza was scheduled to meet with regional leaders to discuss Burundi's political crisis. Swahili carried a statement from Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete condemning the coup and calling for a postponement of next month's vote. The service also interviewed Burundian opposition politician Agathon Rwasa, who backed removing the president but objected to military rule.

VOA's French-to-Africa Service preempted regular programming to focus on the crisis in Burundi. The English-language television show Africa 54 led with original Joselow reporting from Bujumbura and an on-set interview with Professor Ndura.
The political upheaval follows President Nkurunziza's decision to run for re-election, which his opponents say violates a regional peace accord limiting the president to two terms. President Nkurunziza says he is not bound by those limits because parliament voted him to his first term.

As clashes between police and anti-government protesters increased, VOA this week began boosting broadcasts to Burundi, adding shortwave and FM broadcasts in Kirundi, Kinyarwanda, Kiswahili, French, and English. VOA is now able to provide more reporting from the ground, new drive-time newscasts, and an expanded call-in show.

"The uncertainty of the situation in Burundi following the coup attempt makes accurate reporting even more essential," says VOA Director David Ensor. "Our coverage played a vital role before these events, and it is even more important now to help keep our audiences informed."

All times UTC

Extended schedule of VOA to Burundi from May 11:
0330-0400 on  7305 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Daily
0330-0400 on  7325 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Daily
0330-0400 on 11905 SAO 100 kW / 114 deg to SoAf Kirundi Daily

0400-0430 on  7305 BOT 100 kW / 010 deg to SoAf Kirundi Sat/Sun
0400-0430 on  7325 BOT 100 kW / 350 deg to SoAf Kirundi Sat/Sun
0400-0430 on 11905 KWT 250 kW / 220 deg to SoAf Kirundi Sat/Sun

0400-0430 on  7350 BOT 100 kW / 350 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
0400-0430 on  9815 BOT 100 kW / 010 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
0400-0430 on 11905 SAO 100 kW / 114 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri

0430-0505 on  7350 BOT 100 kW / 350 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
0430-0505 on  9815 BOT 100 kW / 010 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
0430-0505 on 11905 SAO 100 kW / 114 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri

0505-0530 on  7350 BOT 100 kW / 010 deg to SoAf English Mon-Fri
0505-0530 on  9815 BOT 100 kW / 350 deg to SoAf English Mon-Fri
0505-0530 on 11905 SAO 100 kW / 114 deg to SoAf English Mon-Fri

1600-1630 on 13630 BOT 100 kW / 350 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
1600-1630 on 11865 MEY 100 kW / 015 deg to SoAf Kirundi Sat
1600-1630 on 15460 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Sat
1600-1630 on 17530 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Sat

1830-1900 on 11865 SMG 250 kW / 170 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
1830-1900 on 13785 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri

1930-2000 on  9470 SAO 100 kW / 088 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
1930-2000 on 11615 SAO 100 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
1930-2000 on 12140 BOT 100 kW / 010 deg to SoAf Kirundi Mon-Fri
(DX Mix Nx 910)

WRTH Bargraph Frequency Guide A15 now available

Now Available - Order your CD or download today!

We are delighted to announce the availability of the new WRTH Bargraph Frequency Guide for the A15 season. The CD contains the complete, and monitored, A15 international broadcasts on LW, MW and SW, and fully updated domestic shortwave, displayed as a pdf colour bargraph.

There are also other pdf and xls files to help you get the most out of the Bargraph. All these files are also available on a downloadable Zip file...

The CD and Download are only available from the WRTH site. Visit our website at at
(Hardyman, May 12; via Anker Petersen-DEN, dswci DXW May 13/WWDXC Top Nx 1208)

Monitoring Al Dhabbaya UAE relays

United Arab Emirates
6180.091 Another odd frequency outlet from Al Dhabbaya UAE relay site. IBRA Radio in Somali language noted performing a sidelobe signal of S=9+5dB into southern Germany, at 1745 UT on May 10, til 17.59:20 UT TX sign-off.

And from 1800 UT switched to 6145.091 kHz into BBC Somali service, same 250 kW unit, same 215degrees curtain antenna usage.

6119.995 TWR Africa in Kunama language on Sundays, heard at 1805 UT via Al Dhabbaya UAE relay, children's chorus, on 2500 kW unit at 225 degrees according listing.

9409.989 BBCWS in English noted in 18-20 UT slot from Al Dhabbaya relay, S=8-9 sidelobe signal at 1822 UT May 10. Registry request of 250 kW at 220 degrees. Discussion about coming U.K. politics, premier minister, Scotland separation plans, and EU matter opinions.

15420.123 Another odd frequency outlet from Al Dhabbaya's four 250 kW units. BBCWS English noted at 0550 UT on May 9. On 15790 kHz BBC Arabic is on even frequency from UAE?, or is back again to BBC Al Seela Oman relay site outlet?
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 9 / 10)
(WWDXC/Top Nx 1208)

Dunamis Shortwave Loggings

4750 Dunamis Shortwave, Mukono. May 5, 2015 at 1800 UT noted gospel songs on 4750 kHz with poor/fair reception due to local noise. Later also English religious programming. Couldn't get an ID but a fellow DXer here in Finland, Jari Lehtinen, managed to hear them ID. Signed off at 1909 UT. Dunamis Shortwave, Mukono had been silent and irregular for quite some time.
(Jari Savolainen-FIN, DXplorer May 5)

4750 Dunamis SW. Per Jari's tip (tnx Yari!) Heard this station via the Perseus site in east Finland on May 6 with non-stop highlife music from 1744 tune to 1836 UT, at which time the Perseus site abruptly disconnected and I could not re-tune.
(Mauno Ritola-FIN, DXplorer May 6)

4750 Dunamis, SW
Dunamis SW was better today than 6 May with signals improving steadily after 1830 UT to sign off - programming abruptly stopped in mid-song at 1917 UT and the carrier went down at 1917:29 UT. Whatever happened on 7 May was fixed today. Tuned both Karelia MWDX and TreDXK Perseus sites today with similar signal levels on both sites.

No announcement heard, and no religious programming, just local music. Decent signal strength (SINPO 2v3/3/3/3/3) with periodic utility interference both below and above the channel. Re-tuning today (May 7), good carrier presentation from same site as well as north Sweden, but audio was pretty
much non-existent. Likewise from the Brisbane site, but there the carrier was a bit weaker. Perhaps station staff is having technical issues with thetransmitter.
(Bruce Churchill-CA-USA, DXplorer April 7 / 8)
(WWDXC-Top Nx 1208)

Solomon Island Monitoring and Observations

Solomon Islands

All times UTC

5020.0 SIBC - The Voice of the Nation, May 12 back to their normal frequency; ex anomaly 9545 kHz; at 0922 UT with the "Derek Prince Legacy Radio" religious program in English; ID - SIBC, the Voice of the Nation; 1015 UT info about a tropical low causing rain, but "possibility of a cyclone is low"; poor with Cuban interference from 5025 kHz.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 12)

5019.999 SLM SIBC Honiara, in English, S=9+15dB -58dBm, heard Daily Police Report at 0843 UT. Splatter from adjacent 5025.0 CUB Exciting Cuban music heard on Radio Rebelde program,
via Quivican Bejucal old USSR relay site, S=9+10dB or -62dBm strength.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 13)

5020 SIBC Honiara on May 12. Heard this morning from 1132 to 1204* UT with rather good signals (improving due to dawn enhancement). Noted with news at 1132 UT, followed with a variety program, with one selection by Amy Cross (C&W Ballad) .TC at 1155 UT, then Religious Sermon by preacher with rather dubious "Hell and Brimstone" scriptures. Closing announcements, nice ID for SIBC and then National Anthem played to 1204* UT. Best heard on the 31/60 meter Trap-sloper.
(Edward Kusalik-Alb-CAN VE6EFK, DXplorer May 12)
(WWDXC-Top News 1208)

HCJB Announces New Items on Tribute Page


HCJB Quito, Ecuador is surely one of the most famous shortwave stations. We have a number of historic items from the station, and we are going to put them all on a special "HCJB Tribute" page.

To start off we have posted a pamphlet called "Songs and Scenes" which, as the name implies, contains some photos of the station as well as sheet music for some songs, several of which were written by HCJB co-founder Clarence W. Jones.

Judging from the copyright dates of the songs and the "Gospel Sound Truck"  in one of the photos, this pamphlet appears to date from the very late 1940s or early 1950s. Note the group photo on p. 14. That's definitely Clayton Howard in the front row, far left, and maybe Helen in the back row, fourth from the left. Both had arrived at the station circa 1941.
(via new History material at
(Jerry Berg-MA-USA, DXplorer May 10/WWDXC Top Nx 1208)

Clandestine frequency updates

Frequency update for Radio Tamazuj and Radio Dabanga

Radio Dabanga
0430-0600 11645 SMG 250 kW / 146 deg to EaAf Sudanese Arabic, ex 11650

Radio Tamazuj
0400-0430 11645 SMG 250 kW / 146 deg to EaAf Sudanese Arabic, ex 11650
(Ivo Ivanov/11 May)

BBC Uzbek frequency update

BBC frequency updates for Uzbek service - from May 11:

All times UTC

1300-1330 15180 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Mon, ex 15330
1300-1330 on 15330 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Tue, ex Daily
1300-1330 15500 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Wed, ex 15330
1300-1330 on 15330 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Thu, ex Daily
1300-1330 15180 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Fri, ex 15330
1300-1330 15500 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sat, ex 15330
1300-1330 15180 SLA 250 kW / 010 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sun, ex 15330

1300-1330 on 17510 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Mon, ex Daily
1300-1330 17575 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Tue, ex 17510
1300-1330 on 17510 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Wed, ex Daily
1300-1330 17665 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Thu, ex 17510
1300-1330 17575 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Fri, ex 17510
1300-1330 17665 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sat, ex 17510
1300-1330 17665 SNG 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sun, ex 17510

1300-1330 17760 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Mon, ex 17735
1300-1330 17760 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Tue, ex 17735
1300-1330 17860 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Wed, ex 17735
1300-1330 17860 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Thu, ex 17735
1300-1330 17860 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Fri, ex 17735
1300-1330 on 17735 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sat, ex Daily
1300-1330 17760 NAK 250 kW / 325 deg to CeAs Uzbek Sun, ex 17735
(Ivanov/17 May)

Friday, May 15, 2015

New Summer 2015 International Shortwave Broadcast Guide Now Available at Amazon

Teak Publishing is proud to announce the publication of their 9th e-book on -- Summer 2015 International Shortwave Broadcast Guide.

So why should you listen to shortwave radio? Quite simply shortwave radio is your window to the world.

The best source of global information continues to be shortwave radio. Throughout the world, shortwave remains the most readily available and affordable means of communication and information. It lets you listen to voices from around the world. You'll also learn about the lives and concerns of people from all walks of life, from soldiers, to farmers, to retired scholars. Shortwave radio provides nearly instantaneous coverage of news and events from around the world.

Shortwave listening, or SWLing, is the hobby of listening to shortwave radio broadcasts located on frequencies between 1700 kHz and 30 MHz, also known as HF or the High Frequencies bands.

If you live in the U.S., you can easily listen to shortwave broadcast stations from countries like North/South Korea, Iran, Australia, Cuba, China, New Zealand, Pakistan, India, Japan, England, Egypt, Tunisia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United States and many other counties if you have a shortwave receiver, and you know when and where to listen!

That when and where to listen is covered comprehensively in the pages of a new edition of the International Shortwave Broadcast Guide.

The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Summer 2015 edition), by Amazon bestselling author Gayle Van Horn, W4GVH, is that all important information resource you need to tap into the worldwide shortwave broadcast radio spectrum. It is a 24-hour station/frequency guide to “all” the known stations currently broadcasting on shortwave radio at time of publication. This unique shortwave resource is the “only” publication in the world that offers a by-hour schedule that includes all language services, frequencies and world target areas for each broadcast station. There are new chapters that cover basic shortwave radio listening and Who’s Who in the Shortwave Radio Spectrum. Also extensive work has been done to improve the readability of this edition on the various Kindle platforms.

The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide (Summer 2015 edition) is now available for purchase worldwide from at The price for this latest edition is still US$4.99. Since this book is being released internationally, Amazon customers in the United Kingdom, Germany, France Spain, Italy, Japan, India, Canada, Brazil, Mexico and Australia can order this electronic book (e-Book) from Amazon websites directly servicing these countries. All other countries can use the regular website.

This new e-publication edition is an expanded version of the English shortwave broadcast guide formerly printed in the pages of Monitoring Times magazine for over 20 years. This one of a kind e-book is now being published twice a year to correspond with station seasonal time and frequency changes.

If you enjoy listening or monitoring HF shortwave stations, and you miss the monthly English frequency listings formerly published in the late Monitoring Times magazine, and multilingual station listing in the old MTXpress electronic magazine, this valuable tool will now be your new guide to listening to the world.

Frequency updates between editions will be posted on her Shortwave Central blog at:

And, the good news is that you do not need to own a Kindle reader to read Amazon e-book publications. You can read any Kindle book with Amazon’s free reading apps.

There are free Kindle reading apps for the Kindle Cloud Reader, Smartphones (iPhone, iTouch, Android, Windows Phone and Blackberry); computer platforms (Windows XP, Vista, 7 and 8 and Mac); Tablets (iPad, Android and Windows 8), and, of course, all of the Kindle family of readers including the Kindle Fire series. A Kindle e-book allows you to buy your book once and read it anywhere. You can find additional details on these apps by checking out this link to the Amazon website

For additional information on this and other Teak Publishing radio hobby books, monitor the company sponsored Internet blogs – The Military Monitoring Post(, The Btown Monitor Post ( and The Shortwave Central ( for availability of additional e-books that are currently in production.

You can view the complete Teak Publishing book catalog online at on the Teak Publishing radio hobby e-book link at the top of the blog page. You can learn more about the author by going to her author page on Amazon at

The International Shortwave Broadcast Guide will have wide appeal to shortwave radio hobbyists, amateur radio operators, educators, foreign language students, news agencies, news buffs and many more interested in listening to a global view of news and events as they happen. 

If you are an amateur radio operator or shortwave radio enthusiasts, and want to hear what is happening outside the ham bands on that transceiver or portable shortwave radio in your shack, then this new e-book from Teak Publishing is a must in your radio reference library.

Here are a few of the public comments from radio hobbyists who purchased the first three editions of this Amazon e-book.

Excellent Shortwave Introduction and Program Guide by Don K3PRN 
Excellent, very reasonable guide to shortwave radio. As a long time shortwave listener, the listing of all shortwave stations by UTC time is very useful to me. I had previously a shortwave website that listed only English broadcasts rather than an all station listing with the language that will be broadcast. I would highly recommend this e book for all new shortwave listeners and those that interested in a very portable listing of all stations by UTC. I only hope that this will be updated twice a year for many more years.

Good Product by Radio Freq 
Since Monitoring Times stopped publishing shortwave radio schedules, there has been a dearth of resources for radio-heads. This guide nicely fulfills gap. It is very comprehensive. 

It is nice someone is dedicated to SWL by Robert K. Mallory 
Very concise and well organized. Not much to choose from these days, it is nice someone is dedicated to SWL.

Shortwave Broadcast Guide by Kindle Customer
Since Monitoring Times is no longer in publication, this guide is required for the dedicated shortwave listener. There is information provided that I have found nowhere else. It will be a welcome addition to any listener's equipment. Gayle Van Horn has been publishing this research for many years and the followers are numerous, from beginners to professionals. The author's work is accurate, concise and thorough. If you have a shortwave radio, you need this publication as much as a set of earphones. There is none better.

Very Good Source for Shortwave Stations Broadcast Schedules by Kenneth Windyka
I've got to admit up front that I don't have a strong interest in this part of the hobby. HOWEVER, Gayle Van Horn makes it easy to determine what one can hear on the short wave bands during a particular time period (in GMT time sorted format). I also like the internet reference available, so that one can listen to programs via the internet even if its' not possible via the shortwave radio.

NJ Shortwave listener hears International Frequencies with new guide help by Stanley E Rozewski, Jr.
This e-book is complete and accurate in presenting a low cost SW frequency guide and important must read topics for the new or experienced user. I liked the easy reading format, and understandable frequency guide. I will order the second edition next year.

This is my go-to-first reference by Mary C Larson 
When I turn on the shortwave receiver and want to find out what's on and where to look, Van Horn's handy frequency guide is a smart place to begin. The format is not unlike the one Monitoring Times (R.I.P.) used each month. Presumably, updated ISBGs will be published twice per year, but you can check for the updates on her blog, ( 

Good value by DrP 
This is an excellent well-written book that is very affordable when compared to encyclopedic guides, e.g., the WRTH. Much the same information is included. The first part is a nice introduction to SW listening pitched to the beginner. Included is an informative section on purchasing a radio spanning low-end <$100 models up through the most advanced transceivers. The bulk of the book contains a list of world-wide SW broadcasters, organized by frequency band. This makes it ideal for browsing one band at a time, but much less so if you want to search for broadcasts from a particular country. 

I like this one by Charles
I have only had a brief chance to scan through this book. From what I have seen of it I will enjoy getting in to it.

Shortwave Is Not Quite Dead by James Tedford (Bothell, WA United States)
It was barely breathing as of late, but there is still a lot you can hear on shortwave radio. You need more than a little dedication, and a better-than-adequate radio to hear what remains on the HF bands, but if you have those, you will be rewarded with a lot of interesting audio programming. This book is a good guide to what is currently available over the international airwaves. 

Five Stars by Frank S.
Excellent for the price. Glad I found this.

Five Stars by Kindle Customer 

Came on time. packaged right, looks as shown and works as advertised.

Weekend VOA Radiogram schedule

Hello friends,

After the MT63-2000L bonus mode of program 108, Walt in the UK suggested that we transmit an entire news story in this mode. That will happen this weekend. This long-interleave version uses the entire 2000 Hz we have available in one sideband of a shortwave AM channel. I have measured its speed at nearly 200 words per minute, about twice as fast as our usual MFSK32 mode.

Here is the lineup for VOA Radiogram, program 111, 16-17 May 2015, all in MFSK32 except where indicated:

1:29  Program preview
2:44  VOA increases broadcasts to Burundi*
8:09  Forest management to reduce hunger*
16:02  Shipwreck found during search for MH370*
23:19  MT63-2000L: Huge demand for US entrepreneur visas
27:11  MFSK32: Closing announcements
28:40  Olivia 64-2000: Bonus mode of the week.

* with image

Please send reception reports to .

VOA Radiogram transmission schedule
(all days and times UTC):
Sat 0930-1000 5745 kHz
Sat 1600-1630 17870 kHz
Sun 0230-0300 5745 kHz
Sun 1930-2000 15670 kHz
All via the Edward R. Murrow transmitting station in North Carolina.

The Mighty KBC will transmit a minute of MFSK64 Sunday at about 0130 UTC (Saturday 9:30 pm EDT) on 9925 kHz, via Germany. (It will be a van Gogh painting.) Reports to Eric: .

If you have an Android device, try the beta AndFlmsg app, available from

The Saturday 0930 UTC transmission is now propagating to Japan.  See videos at …

I continue to be two weeks behind in answering your emails. I’ll try to send out all the galleries for program 109 before the end of Saturday.

Despite the backlog, please tune in and write in this weekend. 


Kim Andrew Elliott
Producer and Presenter
VOA Radiogram


IBB Frequency updates

Radio Free Asia from May 14
1300-1400 NF 11595 KWT 250 kW / 070 deg to CeAs Tibetan, ex 11605
1600-1700 NF 12035 TIN 250 kW / 303 deg to CeAs Uyghur, ex 12075

Radio Liberty from May 14
1400-1500 NF 15180 LAM 100 kW / 077 deg to CeAs Uzbek, ex 15480

Voice of America from May 14
1400-1500 NF 17595 LAM 100 kW / 077 deg to CeAs Tibetan, ex 17570

Voice of America from May 16
1600-1700 NF 15505 BIB 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAs Tibetan Mon, ex 15495 
1600-1700 NF 11910 PHT 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Tibetan Tue, ex 15505 
1600-1700 NF 15505 BIB 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAs Tibetan Wed, ex 15495 
1600-1700 NF 11910 PHT 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Tibetan Thu, ex 15505 
1600-1700 NF 15505 BIB 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAs Tibetan Fri, ex 15495 
1600-1700 NF 11910 PHT 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Tibetan Sat, ex 15505 
1600-1700 NF 11910 PHT 250 kW / 315 deg to CeAs Tibetan Sun, ex 15505 
(SWL DXIng/15 May)

Full data QSL Card for Spy Transmission, including Callsign

A valid QSL from a spy numbers station is quite a rarity, and the only known spy numbers station ever known to verify was on the air in Prague, Czechoslovakia under the callsign OLX.  Over the years, many international radio monitors have heard this enigmatic station when it was broadcasting a series of numbers in groups of five, either in Morse Code or in speech. 
            It is understood that these numbers broadcasts utilize a once only numbers pad and that they are one way transmissions to spies in another country.  Similar radio transmissions have been noted from other shortwave stations located in several different countries in Europe and the Americas.
            It is believed that the numbers broadcasts from Prague emanated from the Ministry of Internal Affairs building in Prague, though the actual location of the shortwave transmitter itself is not known. The callsign OLX belongs to the Czech News Agency, so probably the spy broadcasts were transmitted from their shortwave station, perhaps somewhere on the edge of Prague.

            The QSL sheet from station OLX, as todays QSL of the Week, was addressed to Vassily and it shows a panorama picture of downtown Prague.  The QSL verifies a reception report dated December 7, 1995 when the station was heard on 9320 kHz in SSB single side band mode, apparently in speech.         It is known that just a few other international radio monitors have received a verification from spy numbers station OLX.  This broadcast service ended many years ago, in 1977.
(AWR Wavescan/NWS 324)

Tribute to Nepal: The Early Radio Scene

As would be expected after such a massive earthquake that occurred recently, the Himalayan country of Nepal is still in recovery mode in a slowly progressive move towards normalcy.  Crumbled buildings are still yielding the dead, and during the past week a few living though injured survivors have been rescued. 
            Massive aid has been brought in to Nepal, and the need for just as much further aid is still required.  It is indeed additionally requisite that a monumental endeavor on the part of the Nepali government as well as its citizens will need to be implemented in order to piece together again the regular routine of family and business life throughout their nation.
            The mountainous country of Nepal lies as a buffer state between its hugely larger neighbors, China and India. The country itself is 500 miles long and 150 miles wide.  The northern areas are composed of rugged and high mountain ranges, and the southern areas are made up of farmlands and villages, though in many locales it is still quite hilly.  The total population is in the range of 27 million, and their capital city is Kathmandu with around ¾ million inhabitants.

            From the very earliest times, people have lived in the Nepali areas of the Himalaya Mountains.  It is thought that the earliest known society in Nepal were the Kusunda people, who lived in what is now western Nepal. 
            According to a feature article broadcast by the BBC London three years ago, there was only one person left who still speaks the Kusunda language.  Subsequently however, a few other people who are fluent in the language have been discovered, and the known total now stands at seven or eight.  There are several different theories regarding the Kusunda language, including that the Kusunda people and their language are related to the Andaman Islands, and to Irian Jaya, western New Guinea.
            A national census in 2011 listed 123 spoken languages in Nepal, though the regional language of Kathmandu, Nepali, has become the official national language.  The Nepali language is closely related to Hindi and Bengali, and it is written with the Devanagari script, as in Hindi.
            Around 500 BC, small kingdoms and clan confederations began to grow in the southern more hospitable areas of Nepal.   A prince in one of these small kingdoms renounced his royal privileges; he led an ascetic life, and developed a new religion.  The young prince is better known in our era as Gautama Buddha. 
            However, Buddhism is not the dominant religion in Nepal these days.  Around 10% are Buddhist, and around 80% are Hindu.  Both Islam and Christianity are minority religions in Nepal.
            Towards the end of the 1700s, the various communities in Nepal began to come together as one nation, though this was accomplished in several bloody battles.  British influence came to Nepal with the growing encroachments of the British East India Company in Calcutta, and this included another war.
            The Royal family in the Kingdom of Nepal provided top government leaders, including Prime Ministers, for more than two centuries, though these days, Nepal is considered to be a Federal Parliamentary Republic.
            It was back in the year 1929 that the first radio receivers were imported into the country of Nepal.  The royal family imported from England half a dozen already assembled receivers that were made available to family members and top government officials.  It is stated that Mr. Dev Mani Dixit in Kathmandu imported the seventh radio receiver independently from England and when he received it, he staged a celebration party to honor the occasion. 
            It is probable that the imported English radio receivers back then were housed in ornate wooden cabinets and that they were capable of receiving radio stations that were broadcasting on the mediumwave and longwave bands.  However, at that stage, there were no radio transmitters in Nepal, and the only radio broadcasting stations on the air anywhere nearby were located in India.  At that time, the broadcasting stations in India were transitioning from the experimental era to the early era under what later became AIR, All India Radio.
            During the earlier part of World War 2 in Asia, the government of Nepal confiscated all radio receivers throughout Nepal and they were taken into storage at Singha Durbar in suburban Kathmandu.  At the time, it is estimated that there were just 500 receivers in Kathmandu itself.  However in 1946, many months after the war was concluded, the receivers were returned to their owners.
            Available information would indicate that the first radio transmitter in Nepal was a low powered unit that was installed for official communication purposes in 1939.  This transmitter, rated at just a ¼ kW we would suggest, was heard in the United States in December on a communication channel 14780 kHz with the identification announcement Radio Kathmandu.  For a couple of months, this station was heard occasionally in the United States at 4:00 am and 9:30 pm, eastern.
      During the era before the official government radio broadcasting station, Radio Nepal, was established in 1951, there were at least four separate occasions when radio broadcasting was attempted.  However, none of these attempts resulted in establishing a permanent station.
            In April 1945, the American radio journal Radio News carried a news item stating that a shortwave station that identified as The Voice of the Himalayas was on the air from 3:00  am to 9:00 am American eastern time.  The operating frequency was 11790 kHz in the standard 25 metre band. 
            Nothing else is known about this purported Voice of the Himalayas.  Was it an unsuccessful attempt at program broadcasting via the ¼ kW communication transmitter?  I guess we will never know!
            However, during the following year (1946) there was another beginning for radio broadcasting in Kathmandu.  Prime Minister Padma Shamsher Rana, a member of the royal family, had a radio transmitter assembled from radio receivers that were brought back into the country by soldiers returning home after the end of World War 2. 
            This radio station was placed on the air so that the Prime Minister could address the nation on important issues.  It was on the air for only a few months at the most.
            Two years later in January 1948, the same prime minister assembled a hybrid carrier current style system at Bijuli Adda in suburban Kathmandu.  The equipment was transferred from Bojhpur in eastern Nepal where it had been in use locally under a company style title, Mohan Aakashbani.
            This hybrid telecommunication system consisted of a low power transmitter with programming that was distributed over the telephone system, as in cable radio.  However, the signal from the transmitter could also be picked up direct on a radio receiver.
            This prime minister resigned on April 30 (1948), and the radio station was closed soon afterwards.  However, the radio station was reopened in August under the new prime minister,
Mohan Shamsher who was another member of the Rana royal family.  He also imported two new radio transmitters, though it does not seem that they were ever installed and taken into usage.
            Then in early 1951, a group of political leaders installed a radio broadcasting station at Biratnagar, in eastern Nepal near the border with India.  This station was on the air for just a few weeks at the most, under the political title, Prajatantra Nepal Radio.
            However shortly afterwards, all of the available radio equipments were assembled in Kathmandu and installed into a two storey building that had been previously in use as a privately operated school.  With the usage of the previous ¼ kW shortwave communication transmitter, Nepal Radio made its inaugural broadcast on 7100 kHz in the 40 metre amateur band, on April 3, 1951. 

            And thats where we plan to pick up the story again, here in Wavescan next week.
(AWR-Wavescan/NWS 324) 

Euro weekend relays

Relays this weekend

Saturday and Wednesday HLR:
06.00 to 08.00 UTC, on 7265 KHz
08.00 to 11.00 UTC, on 6190 KHz
11.00 to 15.00 UTC, on 7265 KHz

Sunday HLR:
11.00 to 15.00 UTC on 9485 kHz
E-mail:  Thank you!
HLR FM-Program via the Internet:

Radio City Relays:
15th May 2015:  18.00 to 19.00 UTC on 7290 kHz via IRRS & 1368 + 846 kHz via Challenger Radio at 20.00
16th May 2015:  08.00 to 09.00 UTC on 9510 kHz via IRRS.
23rd  May 2015: 12.00 to 13.00 UTC on 7265 KHz via Hamburger Lokalradio
24th May 2015:  09.00 to 10.00 UTC on 9405 KHz via Radio Revival (Sala) Sweden

Every Saturday: 19.00 to 20.00 UTC on 1485 kHz via Radio Merkurs, Riga, Latvia
The address remains  Thank you!

You can also hear many European free and alternative stations via the Internet at: 


For outside the listening area please try the Twente/Netherlands Web RX at


Radio Channel 292  Transmission schedules:

Radio Mi Amigo Transmission schedules:

Radio Revival Sweden Transmission schedules:

Good Listening!
73s,  Tom Taylor