Friday, October 24, 2014

Hams Ready for CQ Contest this weekend

It is almost time for the CQ WW SSB DX Contest which kicks off on Saturday, October 25 at 0000 UTC and runs until Sunday, October 26 at 2359 UTC.

I fully plan to be in the contest this year looking for new countries to add to my DXCC totals. Might even work a state or two I need to finish off the ARRL Triple Play award I have been working on. 

I also plan to have a presence during the CQ WW CW DX contest that starts on 
Saturday, November 29 at 0000 UTC and concludes on Sunday, November 30 at 2359 UTC. I hope to finish out the countries I need for an ARRL CW DXCC award.
These are two of my favorite contest and are a lot of fun to participate in at any level. Several years ago I won 1st place in my category, but since I am on a country hunt, I won't be submitting a contest log for these two amateur radio contest.
Complete details can be found on the CQ World-Wide Contest website at

Late Breaking News from the ARRL Contest Newsletter:-

CQ Communications has reconsidered its initial policy on stations operating in Crimea for the CQ World Wide contest. Logs will be accepted and counted for the country indicated by the call sign of the station. This aligns CQ policy with DXCC policy. See the CQ website for complete details.
On a related topic, found this that was posted to the ARRL website on 17 Oct 2014:--


CQ has announced that it will no longer accept logs for any CQ-sponsored contest from stations in Crimea operating with Russian-issued call signs. CQ Magazine said that “after considerable deliberation,” it has decided to follow the lead of the US government and the United Nations and will consider the embattled Crimea region to be a part of Ukraine, “until such time as the political situation there is resolved.” In addition, contacts made by others with Crimean stations using Russian-Issued call signs will be removed from contestants’ logs without penalty. “No contact or multiplier credits will be given,” the CQ announcement said.

“We fully realize that our action may very well disenfranchise several Crimean contesters who use Russian prefixes instead of Ukrainian prefixes,” CQ said. “As regrettable as that may be, our action is consistent with international law, as well as with our own rules.”

CQ sponsors several major international operating events, including the CQ World Wide SSB and CW contests. The first contest to be affected by the new policy would be the CQ World Wide SSB Contest, which takes place this year over the October 25-26 weekend.

VOA Radiogram Schedule: Oct. 25-26

Hello friends,

The surprise mode on this weekend's VOA Radiogram requires the newest version of Fldigi -- 3.22 -- which can be downloaded from The surprise mode will be transmitted during the closing music and will be centered on 1500 Hz.

Also on this weekend's program, a news item about a shortwave broadcasting initiative, and another about a U.S. government agency's planned use shortwave (HF) for emergency communications.

Here is the lineup for VOA Radiogram, program 82, 25-26 October 2014:

 1:31  Program preview
 2:34  New shortwave initiatives, with images
 8:29  New network sharing system
12:28  Ocean microbes eat methane, with image
20:05  Morocco solar power plant, with image
25:53  Closing announcements, with MFSK64 logo
28:29  Surprise mode of the week (requires Fldigi 3.22)

Please send reception reports to

VOA Radiogram transmission schedule
(all days and times UTC):
Sat 0930-1000 5745 kHz
Sat 1600-1630 17860 kHz
Sun 0230-0300 5745 kHz
Sun 1930-2000 15670 kHz
All via the Edward R. Murrow transmitting station in North Carolina.

The Mighty KBC will transmit a minute of MFSK64 Saturday at about 1130 UTC on 6095 kHz and Sunday at about 0130 (Saturday 9:30 pm EDT) on 7375 kHz. Both frequencies are via Germany. Reports to

Thanks for your reports from last weekend. I'll answer them this weekend.


Kim Andrew Elliott
Producer and Presenter
VOA Radiogram

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Global 24 Radio set to air October 31

Press Release

Hollywood, FL) Oct. 21, 2014 – Global 24 Radio LLC announced today that its inaugural broadcast will go live at 7:00 p.m., Friday, Oct. 31, with a line-up of new and well-known programs and around-the-clock English language programming.  The broadcast can be heard 24 hours a day, 7 days a week on 9395 kHz on WRMI broadcasting from Okeechobee, Florida.

“We’re very excited about launching Global 24 and the important contributions it will make to shortwave radio listening – as both a medium worth preserving and a vital part of the modern media mix for so many listeners around the world,” said Phil Workman, general manager of Global 24.   “Our broadcast will appeal to dedicated shortwave listeners (SWL) all over the world looking for breaking news, opinion and music.”

Global 24 aims to revitalize the shortwave medium by bringing general interest news and entertainment into sharper focus for listeners looking for high quality programming on a daily basis.  Regular listeners will be informed, entertained and engaged in an ever more complex world.

According to Jeff White, general manager of WRMI,  “Global 24 represents another step in the long overdue commercialization of shortwave radio.  We are excited to be working with them on their ambitious program to engage and entertain a global audience.”

Additional press releases in coming days will announce our broadcast schedule, our Listeners’ Club, contests, sponsors, our web store, staff and much more.  Follow us on Twitter at @Global24Radio or on Facebook at  Visit our website:  to join our email newsletter for the most current updates.

We love to hear from our listeners.  Reception Reports can be sent to:
Global 24 Radio
2719 Hollywood Blvd  B-16

Hollywood FL 33020 USA

Be sure to include:
1) SINPO Report
2) Mailing Address for QSL Card (if desired)

See more at:
(Jeff Demers/Global 24)

KDKA Memorial: Historic 95th Anniversary Ceremony in Pennsylvania

A few days ago, Ray Robinson of shortwave KVOH in Los Angeles alerted us to the information regarding a special historic ceremony in suburban Pittsburgh Pennsylvania.  Because of the interest and significance of this event, we postpone our intended opening feature in this edition of Wavescan and we present the story of this KDKA Memorial: Historic 95th Anniversary Ceremony in Pennsylvania. We are indebted to a feature article in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette written by Dave Zuchowski for his information regarding this event, and additional information is taken from other historical sources.
            It was on Friday evening October 17, 1919 that the Westinghouse engineer Dr. Frank Conrad made a significant broadcast over his amateur radio station 8XK.  The station was installed in the second floor of his red brick garage in Wilkinsburg, a city adjacent to the better known city Pittsburgh.                  This was Conrads first broadcast after the United States re-opened the usage of the airwaves to amateur radio operators subsequent to the end of World War 1 and it was one of the very early program broadcasts in the history of radio broadcasting.  This initial two hour broadcast over his homemade radio equipment included several different styles of recorded music together with announcements and spoken information.  This historic broadcast proved so popular that he began a series of similar broadcasts each Wednesday and Saturday evening from the same station 8XK.
            In September of the following year, the local newspaper ran an advertisement on behalf of the Home Department Store offering the sale of radio receivers which could tune in Conrads radio program broadcasts.  The Westinghouse company decided that they would construct their own radio broadcasting station and install it in a small wooden and canvas shack on the roof of their K factory building in suburban East Pittsburgh.
            Engineer Conrad assembled the necessary equipment for their new radio station and they requested a commercial license from the federal government licensing authorities.  This new station made its first broadcast on Tuesday evening November 2, 1920 with progressive information about the Harding-Cox presidential election.  For this inaugural broadcast, Westinghouse was on the air under a temporary callsign 8ZZ, and a couple of days later the commercial license arrived by post, granting a consecutively issued callsign KDKA.
            To honor Dr. Conrads contributions to the broadcast industry, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission approved a historic marker to be erected on a street adjacent to the Conrad garage and this was dedicated on December 1, 1990.  That marker was later removed and placed in storage when the property and garage were sold during the year 2000 to make way for a fast-food restaurant.  With financial backing, the garage was dismantled and all of the items were placed in storage along with documentation on how to reassemble the garage once more.
            At 2:00 pm last Friday October 17, just two days ago, a special commemorative ceremony was held at a planned new location at South Trenton and Penn Avenues in Wilkinsburg and the original marker was rededicated at its new location.  This event took place exactly 95 years later to the very day after Conrads first historic broadcast and it was staged at two consecutive locations, the Community Life Building at 301 Meade Street and then at the new location for the memorial marker.  Present were two of Frank Conrads great grandsons, Jamie Conrad and actor David Conrad.
            Plans are in hand to reassemble the garage and currently they are looking at several sites in the Pittsburgh area.  It is intended to have the garage rebuilt in time for the 100th anniversary of Conrads first broadcast, October 17, 2019.  The completed project will cost an estimated $1.6 million and already $225,000 has been raised for this historic event.
            The international radio world is indebted to the historic endeavors carried out by Dr. Frank Conrad, together with Westinghouse and radio station KDKA.  It is true that there were many earlier ventures into radio broadcasting in the United States and in several other countries, and even their historic election broadcast was not the first in the history of radio broadcasting.  However, the KDKA venture was indeed a major turning point in the development of radio program broadcasting, not only in mediumwave broadcasting but subsequently also in shortwave broadcasting.
                                                                                                                        Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
                                                                                                                        By Dave Zuchowski
                                                                                                                        September 25, 2014
(AWR Wavescan/NWS 295)

Special QSL: Airplane Monitoring, AFRS, Adana, Turkey

          Jack Brown interviews Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart for
broadcast to troops overseas on AFRS during World War II
For our weekly feature about unusual, rare and unique QSLs, our DX editor Adrian Peterson tells the story about his QSL card verifying the reception of a low powered radio broadcasting station in Turkey.  Back in the year 1980, he was flying from India to the United States to attend meetings at the head office for Adventist World Radio in suburban Washington DC. 
            While the passenger airliner was flying high over Turkey, he was invited into the flight deck of the passenger airliner and given the use of one of the planes radio receivers.  He tuned the radio to 1590 kHz and heard his desired station, the low powered AFRS American Forces Radio Station which was installed in the American Air Base near Adana, in the Mediterranean corner of Turkey. 
            At the same time as he was seated in the comfortable high flying airplane, he could see in the distance the clear figure of Mt Ararat, covered in brilliant white snow.  Mt Ararat is a reminder of another method of travel, in a long distant era, with a huge wooden boat, Noahs Ark, the remains of which are said to be in that area to this day.
            In due course, a do-it-yourself, self-prepared tourist travel QSL card, replete with American postage stamps, was received.  This card, with full QSL details, verified AFRS Adana, with just 10 watts on 1590 kHz.  Interestingly, the wavelength is shown as 61886.792 feet which is actually a mistake in calculation.  By moving the decimal place by two positions, the equivalent is indeed 1590 kHz.

            This unusual QSL card features a unique threesome: a receiver in the flight deck of a passenger airliner, a low powered medium wave station on the ground, and a wavelength measured in feet, not metres.
(AWR Wavescan/NWS 295 via Adrian Peterson) 

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Now is a 'great time' to log Ethiopia

Voice of Ethiopia  (Gayle Van Horn Collection)

From this week's DX Window, comes a great tip for DXers that want to add Ethiopia to their station logbook

Ethiopia gets better and better during autumn/winter season 

All times UTC  - *sign-on  /  sign-off*

(logs edited for clarity)

5950.00, Voice of Tigray Revolution, Addis Ababa, 1615-1725 and 1945-2000*, Oct 01 and 04. Local music, Announcement in  vernacular. SINPO 33333, Interference from IRIB (Iran) Sirjan in Tajik on 5949.99. (Bueschel and Giroletti)

6030.00, Radio Oromiya, Geja Jewe, 1615 and 1945-2000.* Oct 01. Horn of Africa music, wandered up and down. (Bueschel)

6089.98, Radio Amhara, Geja Jewe, *0300-0310, Sept 28. Interval signal to station identification at 
under the interference from Anguilla. (Pankov). Also heard at *1600-1900* Sept 30. Station is back on shortwave in Amharic. Interference from Radio Nigeria Kaduna on 6089.9 and 1700-1800 China Radio Int'l on 6090 in English. (Ivanov). Also heard at 1615, Oct 01. Wandered approximately 10 - 15 hertz up and down continuously. Interference from Nigeria on 6089.86. (Bueschel) 
6110.00, Radio Fana, Addis Ababa, 1945-2100, Oct 01, S=9+15dB. China's CRI started co-channel interference at 1957. (Bueschel)
(DSWCI-DX Window 516)

The Secret Machine Behind Soviet Number Stations

I recently learned of a series of YouTube videos that show a German machine that is alleged to be the voice behind Soviet cold war numbers stations. The videos, uploaded four years ago, show something that looks like a piece of electronic lab equipment that emits a sampled or synthesized voice rattling off a programmed sequence of numbers. According to the accompanying description, the voice comes from swappable program chips, and the machines are owned by a German spy-gadget collector.

Radio Matters: My Passion for Radio and Starting WXDR

Radio Matters is a new feature on Radio Survivor in which guest authors share their thoughts on the relevance of radio. In this post, radio veteran Pete Simon writes about his passion for radio and his role in the development of college radio station WXDR at University of Delaware and reflects on the future of the station (now known as WVUD). – Jennifer Waits, College Radio & Culture Editor, Radio Survivor
I have always carried with me a deep passion for all kinds of music, storytelling, and politics that started when I became hooked on the first radio program I remember, twenty years before WXDR signed-on the air on October 4, 1976. It was the nightly show on WILM with Mitch Thomas, one of the first African-American DJs in the country. “The Big MT” gave me a much-needed education in the world of rhythm and blues, blues, and jazz recordings. It is where I first heard Ray Charles, Dinah Washington, Louis Jordan, The Coasters, Etta James, Jimmy Smith, Clifford Brown, and other musical greats of the genre.

Library of Congress Launches Radio Preservation Task Force

Editor’s Note: A few weeks ago, John Anderson shared with Radio Survivor readers some details about a Library of Congress initiative focused on the preservation of local radio history all over the country. As he mentioned, The Radio Preservation Task Force is now hard at work identifying radio collections in every corner of the United States.
Radio Survivor is excited to announce that we are an official online partner and will be providing regular updates about not only Radio Preservation Task Force activities, but will also be publishing guest posts from Task Force members. It’s long been a goal of mine to increase Radio Survivor’s coverage related to not only radio history, but also radio scholarship, so I’m thrilled about this partnership.
And, finally, I am also happy to announce that I have joined the Radio Preservation Task Force as a Research Associate. Through my participation, I hope to bring more attention to college radio’s rich history. To that end, if you are aware of college radio archives, collections, and artifacts, please get in touch (Jennifer AT Radio Survivor DOT com).

Monday, October 20, 2014

Old radio hunters mark history

Forget vinyl. If you’re looking for unadulterated sounds from old-school technology, listen to a man who goes by the name Didi Radio talk about his collection.

“I think their designs are very artistic. Their sounds are also more natural, because they’re analog receivers and use tubes. Their resonance is far better than transistor and digital radios,” Didi Radio, whose real name is Didi Widianto, said.

He made his comments at the recent Layang Swara (Sound Messenger) exhibition, which displayed 60 vintage radios, some dating to the 1930s, at the Soedjatmoko Cultural Center in Surakarta, Central Java.

The radios came from the private collections of members of the Audio Radio Preservers of Yogyakarta (Padmaditya) in Yogyakarta and Magelang, Central Java. 

Although decades old, the receivers — mostly tube radios made by Philips, Erres, Blaupunkt, Robin and Telefunken — are well maintained and still working.

“We collect the radios for their historic value. In their times, these sets were so important for the dissemination of information. They were also a luxury,” said Didi Sumarsidi, another Padmaditya member. “In the 1960s, we had to crowd the subdistrict office to listen to the radio.” 

Additional story at: The Jakarta Post

IRCA's Mexican Log Now Available

IRCA Mexican Log, 19th Edition (Winter 2014) just released The IRCA Mexican Log lists all AM stations in Mexico by frequency, including call letters, state, city, day/night power, slogans, schedule in UTC/GMT, formats, networks and notes. 

The call letter index gives call, frequency, city and state. The city index (listed by state, then city) includes frequency, call and day/night power. The transmitter site index (listed by state, then city) tabulates the latitude and longitude of transmitter sites. This is an indispensable reference for anyone who hears Mexican radio stations. Size is 8 1/2" x 11". Prices: IRCA/NRC members – $9.50 (US), $11.00 (Canada) $12.50 (México), $14.00 (rest of the world).

Non-IRCA/NRC members – add $2.00. To order from the IRCA Bookstore, send the correct amount to:  IRCA Goodie Factory, 9705 Mary NW, Seattle WA 98117-2334 (PayPal add $1.00) email:

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2014 Oct 20 1002 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web web contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 13 - 19 October 2014

Solar activity ranged from very low to high during the period. Region 2192 (S13, L=251, class/area=Fkc/1560 on 19 Oct) produced the vast majority of the flare activity throughout the week. These events included several low and mid level C-class flares, a M1 (R1-minor) flare at 14/1837 UTC, a long duration M2 (R1-Minor) flare 14/2121 UTC, a M4 (R1-Minor) flare 16/1303 UTC, a M1/Sf (R1-Minor) flare at 18/0758 UTC, and finally, a long duration X1/Sn flare at 19/0503 UTC. 

The M1 (R1-minor) flare at 14/1837 UTC had an associated Tenflare (1300 sfu), while the long duration M2 (R1-Minor) flare 14/2121 UTC had an associated Tenflare of 180 sfu. However, due to Region 2192's proximity the east limb, none of the associated coronal mass ejections (CMEs) appeared to have an Earthward component and none were expected to have significant impacts at Earth. Neither the impulsive M4 (R1-Minor) flare 16/1303 UTC nor the long duration M1/Sf (R1-Minor) flare at 18/0758 UTC had reportable radio signatures associated with them. Nearly simultaneous with the M1 flare, an 8 degree long filament was observed in SDO/AIA 304 imagery erupting along along a channel, centered near N15W10, between 18/0740-0938 UTC. LASCO C2 imagery observed a narrow CME lifting off the NW limb, first visible at 18/0912 UTC. Subsequent WSA-Enlil model output suggested the CME was well off the Sun-Earth line was is not expected to impact Earth. 

SDO/AIA imagery of the long duration X1/Sn flare at 19/0503 UTC event suggested that the bulk of the ejecta was reabsorbed or directed well south and east of the Sun-Earth line. SOHO/LASCO
coronagraph imagery confirmed what was observed from the SDO/AIA spacecraft as no obvious CME was detected associated with the X-flare. The remaining regions on the visible disk were generally stable and unremarkable. 

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit reached moderate levels on 14, 18, and 19 Oct. 

Geomagnetic field activity was at predominantly quiet to unsettled levels under a nominal solar wind regime. Isolated periods of active geomagnetic field activity were observed on 18 Oct (0000-0300 UTC) as a result of solar sector variability. Minor storm levels were observed on 14 Oct (1800-2100 UTC and 2100-2400 UTC) and 15 Oct (0000-0300 UTC) as the result of the glancing blow passage of the CME observed leaving the sun on 10 Oct, combined with coronal hole high speed stream (CH HSS) influence. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 20 October - 15 November 2014

Solar activity is expected to be at low to moderate levels (R1-R2, Minor-Moderate) during the forecast period, with a slight chance for X-class flaring (R3-Strong or greater) for 20-29 Oct and 11-15 Nov due to potential significant flare activity from Region 2192 (S13, L=251). 

A slight chance for a greater than 10 MeV proton event (S1-Minor and above) at geosynchronous orbit exists for 20-29 Oct and 11-15 Nov due to potential significant flare activity from Region 2192 (S13, L=251). 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at normal to moderate levels with high levels possible from 21-25 Oct due to CH HSS influence. 

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to be at quiet to unsettled levels from 20-21 Oct and 24 Oct-15 Nov. Unsettled to active levels are expected on 22-23 Oct due to CH HSS activity. 

:Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2014 Oct 20 1002 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2014-10-20
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2014 Oct 20     175          15          3
2014 Oct 21     180          12          3
2014 Oct 22     180          15          4
2014 Oct 23     180          15          4
2014 Oct 24     180          12          3
2014 Oct 25     175          10          3
2014 Oct 26     175           8          3
2014 Oct 27     170          10          3
2014 Oct 28     170          10          3
2014 Oct 29     165           8          3
2014 Oct 30     150           5          2
2014 Oct 31     140           5          2
2014 Nov 01     130           5          2
2014 Nov 02     130           5          2
2014 Nov 03     130           5          2
2014 Nov 04     125           8          3
2014 Nov 05     120          10          3
2014 Nov 06     120           8          3
2014 Nov 07     115           8          3
2014 Nov 08     110           5          2
2014 Nov 09     115           5          2
2014 Nov 10     120           8          3
2014 Nov 11     125           8          3
2014 Nov 12     135           5          2
2014 Nov 13     140           8          3
2014 Nov 14     145          12          3
2014 Nov 15     150          12          3

Saturday, October 18, 2014

European Music Radio relay for October 19

European Music Radio Relay on 19th October 2014

07.00 to 08.00 UTC  (Gohren) on 7265 KHz  Tom & Mike Taylor
08.00 to 09.00 UTC  (Gohren) on 9485 KHz  Tom & Mike Taylor

Please send all E.M.R. reports to:  Thank you!

EMR Internet repeats on Sunday and Monday:    
Programme repeats are at the following times: 07.00, 12.00, 16.00, 19.00 UTC

Please visit and click on the “EMR internet radio” button
which you will find throughout the website (see the menu on the left).
or and sign in   

If you live outside the listening area please try the Twente/Netherlands Web Receiver at

Every Sunday the programmes of HLR:
11.00 to 15.00 UTC on 9485 kHz
E-mail:  Thank you!

Free Radio Service Holland:
FRSH will be back on air next weekend Oct. 26th 10-16 CET on 7700//9300 KHz.

Good Listening!

VOA Radiogram schedule

Hello friends,

VOA Radiogram this weekend includes an interesting mix of VOA news stories – plus an image via RFE/RL.

There is a surprise mode, but it will be on three different audio frequencies. So, in Fldigi: Configure > IDs > RsID – check the “Searches passband” box (at least for this weekend).

Here is the lineup for VOA Radiogram, program 81, 18-19 October 2014:

1:37  Program preview
 2:46  WakaWaka solar LED light, with image
8:41  Controlling invasive species by eating them, with image
16:13  Balloons send leaflets to North Korea, with image
24:00  Image: Drone disrupts Serbia-Albania football match
26:59  Closing announcements
28:05  Surprise mode at three audio frequencies

Please send reception reports to .

VOA Radiogram transmission schedule
(all days and times UTC):
Sat 0930-1000 5745 kHz
Sat 1600-1630 17860 kHz
Sun 0230-0300 5745 kHz
Sun 1930-2000 15670 kHz
All via the Edward R. Murrow transmitting station in North Carolina.

The text transmissions on Radio Martí will probably conclude before this weekend. Audio samples from my house in northern Virginia, characterized by heavy jamming noise but a low Radio Martí signal level (because I’m too close to the North Carolina transmitter site) can be found at . You can try decoding from these audio samples.

The Mighty KBC will transmit a minute of MFSK64 Saturday at about 1130 UTC on 6095 kHz and Sunday at about 0130 UTC (Saturday 9:30 pm EDT) on 7375 kHz. Both frequencies are via Germany.

Thanks for all your reception reports from last weekend, which I will begin answering on Friday.


Kim Andrew Elliott
Producer and Presenter
VOA Radiogram

Monday, October 13, 2014

The Radio Scene in Scotland

Hadrian's Wall (wikipedia)

North of the Stone Wall - The Radio Scene in Scotland

In the middle of September, Scotland held a referendum to determine its future, and the two way choice was either to remain with England as an integral part of the United Kingdom, or to become independent as a separate country.  Because of this referendum and its widespread implications, we interrupt the normal flow of topics here in Wavescan, and instead we present a new topic under the title North of the Stone Wall: The Radio Scene in Scotland.  However, as we are now aware, the referendum revealed by a wider margin than expected that Scotland will remain an integral part of the United Kingdom.
            The best known stone wall in the world is the Great Wall of China which astronauts tell us is visible from outer space.  This great wall in Asia was constructed in an attempt to prevent invasions into China proper from tribal territories to the north.
            However a lesser known, though surely an equally important wall as far as the ancient peoples were concerned, is Hadrians Wall which is located in the far north of England.  This wall was constructed in an attempt to prevent incursions from clan peoples living to the north.
            Hadrians Wall is located entirely in England, just south of the border with Scotland and it stretches across England from coast to coast, a distance of 73 miles.  On the west end, the wall is less than a mile from the border with Scotland, though on the east end, it is nearly 70 miles from the border. 
            Hadrians Wall was named in honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who visited England at the time of its construction which took six years to complete, in the year 122 AD.  The wall was manned by nearly 10,000 personnel made up of both Roman occupation forces as well as local British peoples.
            The encyclopedia informs us that the territory of Scotland covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain as well as nearly 800 nearby islands.  It shares a common border with England that is just 60 miles across, otherwise Scotland is surrounded by the two pounding bodies of water; the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.   Their largest city is Glasgow with more than half a million, and their capital is Edinburgh with a little less than half a million.  Their total population of the while country stands at around 5¼ million.
            Scottish history is rich and long and it goes way back to the earliest known human settlements.  Their written history began with the invasions of the Roman legions in England around the year 80 AD.  In those days, Scotland was known as Caledonia.  In subsequent eras, Scotland was ruled by a succession of regional and national monarchs, until unity with England began under the Treaty of Perpetual Peace in 1502.
            Interestingly, Scotland recognizes three languages: English, Scots and Gaelic.  The standard English is equivalent to British English; Scots as a language could be described as a dialectal version of old English; and Gaelic is an earlier Celtic language in the British Isles, linked to similar languages in Ireland, Wales, Cornwall and Brittany in France.  
            The English pound is the recognized currency in Scotland, though three different banks in Scotland also issue Scottish currency at the same value.
            The worlds most popular outdoor sport, golf, was developed in Scotland.  It was a variation of a similar game called paganica that was played by Roman soldiers on duty over there two thousand years ago.  In the original paganica, the players used a curved stick to hit a leather ball stuffed with feathers or wool.
            On May 6, 1905, the Argyllshire Herald newspaper carried a report that negotiations were underway for the lease of a field on which a wireless station would be built.  A total of 6 acres at Uisead Point Machrihanish Bay was procured from Captain MacNeal, sufficient land for a wireless station with its associated buildings for transmission equipment, a power generator, personnel accommodation, and of course the tall transmitting tower as well.  This wireless station was located on a narrow peninsula on the west coast of Scotland,some 60 miles southwest of Glasgow.    
            The Machrihanish Wireless Station was constructed for Canadian born Professor Reginald Fessenden of the National Electric Signalling Company and it was intended for mutual communication with a similar station at Brant Rock in coastal Massachusetts in the United States.  The wireless mast reached 450 feet high, it incorporated an internal ladder for full length access, it stood on an insulated base, and guy wires held it in position.
            In December 1905, the Campbelltown Courier newspaper carried a report that work on the station was completed, and in January of the next year, transatlantic communication began in Morse Code between Machrihanish (callsign LK) and Brant Rock (callsign BO).  Spasmodic communication was achieved, sometimes at a surprisingly good level, throughout the following year.  Interestingly, the Chief Operator at the station in Scotland, Mr Armour, reported in a letter to a scientist that he heard voice transmissions from Brant Rock at 4:00 am one morning in November (1906).
            However, on December 5 of that same year 1906, a stormy gale hit the coast and felled the tall wireless mast.  Though no one was hurt, the station was never re-established; instead, the equipment was sold off and the staff dispersed.
            But, that is not the end of the wireless scene in Scotland; instead, it was just the beginning.
During that same year, 1906, the Marconi company was awarded a contract for the installation of two wireless stations in Scotland, one at Tobermory and another at Loch Boisdale.  The Tobermory station
was installed on the island of Mull just off the west coast of the Scottish mainland and it was on the air under the callsign GCA.  The Lochboisdale station was installed on a small island at the very north of Scotland just off the west coast, and it was on the air under the callsign GCB.
            In the era after the end of World War 1, the directory lists show a dozen or more wireless stations on the air on both the mainland and islandic territories of Scotland.  These stations were in communication service with three different organizations; the Royal Navy, the Royal Air force, and the British Post Office.  For example, the navy operated station BYD at Aberdeen, the air force operated station GFK at Donibristle, and the General Post Office operated station GSW at Stonehaven.

            Thats as far as we go in the Scotland story for today, and in our programing in two weeks time, we are planning to complete the story, North of the Stone Wall
(AWR/Wavescan-NWS 294)

Voice of Turkey update


Additional wrong frequency of Voice of Turkey in German and English

All times UTC

1730-1825 on  5960 EMR 500 kW / 150 deg to N/ME German, instead of Turkish
1730-1825 on 11835 EMR 500 kW / 310 deg to WeEu German as scheduled in A14

1830-1916 on  5960 EMR 500 kW / 150 deg to N/ME English, instead of Turkish
1830-1925 on  9785 EMR 500 kW / 310 deg to WeEu English as scheduled in A14

from 1916 on  5960 EMR 500 kW / 150 deg to N/ME Turkish as scheduled in A14
// frequency  9460 EMR 500 kW / 310 deg to WeEu Turkish as scheduled
in A14
(DX Mix Nx 874/10/7/14)

Radio Free Sarawak on new frequencies


All times UTC / NF new frequency

Radio Free Sarawak - observed on Oct.11
1100-1130 NF 15425 PUG 125 kW / 222 deg to SEAs Iban Mon-Sat + jamming
1130-1200 NF 15460 PUG 125 kW / 222 deg to SEAs Iban Mon-Sat + jamming
1200-1230 NF 15430 PUG 125 kW / 222 deg to SEAs Iban Mon-Sat + jamming

Cancelled from Oct.7:
1100-1145 on 15430 PUG 125 kW / 222 deg to SEAs Iban Mon-Sat
1145-1230 on 15420 PUG 125 kW / 222 deg to SEAs Iban Mon-Sat
Using remote receiver in Tai Po, Hong Kong. Frequencies may vary daily
(SWL DXing 10/12)

KBS announces temporary change in schedule

South Korea
Due to unforeseen maintenance at Kimjae Transmission Center KBS World Radio announce a temporary change of the broadcast time for our Chinese service and English service to China. The current broadcast time at 1130-1330 UTC will be temporarily changed to 2200-2400 UTC as follows:

2200-2300 on 6095 KIM 250 kW / 290 deg to China in Chinese, now 1130-1230
2300-2400 on 6095 KIM 250 kW / 290 deg to China in English, now 1230-1330
This inevitable change will be effective from Oct. 19 for about two months. The exact date the broadcast will return to its original time will be announced in the near future.
(SWL DXing 10/13)